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|1||Toba Batak Folklores and Gender-Specific Issues: Woman’s Roles and PositionsAbstract – The issues around gender equality and the role and position of women are big issues nowadays. It is the result of negative perspective toward the progress and the achievement of women. The similar case appeared within the society of Batak Toba. In a glance, the progress and the achievement of Bataknese women can be seen in many social fields. It is a conective system, a frame of knowledge and belief that gives a direction to the orientation of every person who dwells in the culture. It is a collective knowledge that directs the perception and definition of the people about the reality and their existence on earth. The people of Batak Toba has many folklores where women are the main characters. The research attempted to find the meaning of those folklores that can be connected to the role and position of Bataknese women. The used strategy was to find out their structure by using the theory of Structuralism, Literary Sociology, and Functionalism. The research was conducted on seven folklores. Then, the formulations of the problem were as follows: how about the role and position of Batak Toba women was portrayed in folklore, how about the role and position showed the logical mechanism, belief and custom of the people, how about the local wisdom dealt with the role and position of women in the folklores, and how about the attitude of the Batak Toba community toward the role and position of women. The finding showed that the role of woman was domestics, and they were dominated by men. They did not involved in making decision even for their own personal decision. In a glance the position of woman lower compared to man. Still, the social cultural research showed that the position of woman is actually very important due to the system of kinship in Batak Toba society which is called Dalihan na Tolu.||Martha Pardede|
|2||Fitness Lifestyles, Dietary Patterns and Sleep Habit as Predictors of Graceful Ageing among Retired Civil Servants in Ibadan MetropolisAbstract – The purpose of this study was to find out fitness lifestyle, dietary pattern and sleep habit as predictors of graceful ageing among retired civil servants in Ibadan metropolis. A descriptive design of survey type was adopted. The study population comprised 400 retired civil servants who were purposively sampled. Data were collected using a self developed validated questionnaire while frequency, percentage and chi-square (χ2) were used for data analysis and statistical inference was set at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that adoption of fitness lifestyle, good dietary pattern and adequate sleep are significant predictors of graceful ageing. It was recommended that aged should not take much carbohydrate and protein for they do not expend the same level of energy as they did in early years. Participation in limited and regulated physical exercise and recreational activities will be of great benefits for their ageing body. Government should design educative programmes for the aged on special health needs that enhance fitness at old age.||Fakeye, J.K. et al.|
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