|Sr.||Title of Research Paper/Article||Author||e-Certificate||Download|
|1||Problems of Library AutomationAbstract – This paper discussed the library automation problems in some different point of views as like technological, economical and attitudinal problems. Technological problems include both the hardware and the software problems of library automation. Economical problem faced each and every library in all over the world. The initial cost of establishing a computer system is beyond the reach of most organizations and institutions. The last problem here discussed is attitudinal problem, in this approach the common thing is that among librarians there are two groups often give insufficient thought to the real value of the computer to the organization/institution and make uneconomical, haphazard use of the facility. Here in this article mentioned some recommended improvements for betterment of the automation in library and information field.||Dr. Ajay M. Raval|
|2||English as a Global Language and Window to the WorldAbstract – English is a global and well on its way to becoming the dominant global language. Is this a good thing? Yes, in fields such as science where a common language brings efficiency gains. But the global dominance of the English language is bad news for world literature, according to CEPR. Because English is so widely spoken, it has often been referred to as a “world language”, the lingua franca of the modern era, and while it is not an official language in most countries, it is currently the language most often taught as a foreign language. It is, by international treaty, the official language for aeronautical and maritime communications. English is an official language of the United Nations and many other international organizations, including the International Olympic Committee. English is the language most often studied as a foreign language in the European Union, by 89% of schoolchildren, ahead of French at 32%, while the perception of the usefulness of foreign languages among Europeans is 68% in favour of English ahead of 25% for French. Among some non-English-speaking EU countries, a large percentage of the adult population claims to be able to converse in English – in particular: 85% in Sweden, 83% in Denmark, 79% in the Netherlands, 66% in Luxembourg and over 50% in Finland, Slovenia, Austria, Belgium, and Germany. Books, magazines, and newspapers written in English are available in many countries around the world, and English is the most commonly used language in the sciences with Science Citation Index reporting as early as 1997 that 95% of its articles were written in English, even though only half of them came from authors in English-speaking countries. This increasing use of the English language globally has had a large impact on many other languages, leading to language shift and even language death, and to claims of linguistic imperialism. English itself has become more open to language shift as multiple regional varieties feed back into the language as a whole. In this article the author wants to introduce the importance of English language on Global platform.||Parimal P. Gohil|
|3||Challenges of 21st Century EducationAbstract – Things are changing around us very dramatically, very quickly. The world is becoming more interconnected, the environment is becoming less stable, and technology is continuously altering our relationship to information. Changing global conditions demand that we rethink what, but even more important, how and where we learn. We need education for the 21st century. In response to the challenges we face in the digital age, schools are starting to do education differently. Why restrict lesson times to an hour when half-day sessions allow pupils to delve really deeply into subject material? Many young people have smart phones, so why not allow them to be used as learning aids? Adults learn in the real world, why not let pupils? And, fundamentally, the best teachers are people who love learning, and the best way to make sure that you understand what you are learning is to teach. The schools that are taking this seriously are still in the minority. But across the world there is a growing global movement towards achieving the vision of 21st century education.||Dr. Paragi R. Shah|
|4||Methods for Collecting Data in Child DevelopmentAbstract – Child development refers to the biological and psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy. Because these developmental changes may be strongly influenced by genetic factors and events during prenatal life, genetics and prenatal development are usually included as part of the study of child development. Related terms include developmental psychology, referring to development throughout the lifespan, and pediatrics, the branch of medicine relating to the care of children. Developmental change may occur as a result of genetically-controlled processes known as maturation, or as a result of environmental factors and learning, but most commonly involves an interaction between the two. It may also occur as a result of human nature and our ability to learn from our environment. Human beings have a keen sense to adapt to their surroundings and this is what child development encompasses. Every child would struggle to find their culture and identities in child development. There are various methods for Studying Child Development. They are as follows. 1. The Scientific Method 2. Contexts for Gathering Data about Children 3. Correlation and Causation 4. Designs for Examining Development 5. Ethical Issues in Child-Development Research There is an important role of the researcher to collecting the data in the researches of psychology. So the researcher must do their important role for the collection of data in this type of study. Here the author discusses about some data collection methods in Child-Development.||Dr. Dilip R. Dodia|
|5||The Role of Technology in 21st Century EducationAbstract – Web-based communications systems are playing an ever-growing role in education, the most highly used of which are: HTML forms or scripting language forms, podcasts, audio, video, blogs, RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feeds and browser-based digital storage systems. These interactive, web-based technologies offer unprecedented access to learning, and require only that you have access to a computer connected to the Internet. Using this format, you can receive assignments, complete and return them almost entirely electronically, which in turn cuts down on paper waste. Paperless technology sustains the wonder of education. Now the education comes nearest to us via technology in 21st century. Education becomes easier now. Therefore the learner easily gets their esteems if he/she knows the use of technology. Hence if we define who is called ‘Educated Person’ now a day? The old answer of this question is not sufficient today. In the times of Globalization the person who does not know the terms ‘computer, ‘Internet’, ‘e-mail’ etc. is called ‘illiterate’ in modern times.||Dr. Nilesh B. Gajjar|
|6||A Case Study of an Arjuna Award Winner Parul ParmarAbstract – A case study (also known as a case report) is an intensive analysis of an individual unit (e.g., a person, group, or event) stressing developmental factors in relation to context. The case study is common in social sciences and life sciences. Case studies may be descriptive or explanatory. The latter type is used to explore causation in order to find underlying principles. They may be prospective (in which criteria are established and cases fitting the criteria are included as they become available) or retrospective (in which criteria are established for selecting cases from historical records for inclusion in the study). In this study the researchers studied about an Arjuna Award Winner Parul Parmar an Arjuna Award Winner Parul Parmar.||Dr. Jayendrasinh P. Thakor and Dr. Pravin V. Sisodiya|
|7||A Comparative Study of the Main Process of Social ChangeAbstract – In this paper get data from teacher through Social Attitude Scale about main process of social change. There are a large number of causes of factors that bring social change. At other times, some factors or causes jointly act in such a way that social change becomes inevitable. Again it is stressed that the processes, cause and effects of social change work simultaneously. Ideas and ideologies of great leaders have played an important role in social change. The influence of prominent personalities like Marx and Lenin in Russia, Mao Tse Tung in China and Gandhiji in India are some of well known examples of modern history. Ideas like ‘liberty’, ‘Equality’ and ‘fraternity’ were great forces in giving to French Revolution which in turn immensely changed the French society. To create an ESD curriculum, education communities will need to identify knowledge, issue, perspectives, skills and values central to sustainable development in each of three components- Environment, Economy and Society. ESD are affected by Society and Economy changes. Industrial Revolution resulted in marked social changes. The American war of Independence was outcome of social and economic causes. This brought about revolutionary changes in the social life of people of America. Some examples of factors affection school change.1. Disappearance of the Indus Valley Civilization/Society probably on account of natural factors like floods. 2. Changes in Indian Society as a result of religious and social movements influence of Buddhism etc. 3. Social change in India on account of political domination of the British over India’s independence.||Bhavin H. Patel|
|8||Modernization: Impact, Theory, Advantages and DisadvantagesAbstract – Modernization, Modernization theory A term and approach that came into widespread use in the early 1960s, as a consequence of the efforts by a group of development specialists in the United States to develop an alternative to the Marxist account of social development. In its most sophisticated variants, modernization theory explains modernization by reference to the onset of the process that Talcott Parsons refers to as structural differentiation. This is a process which may be triggered in many different ways, but which is most likely to be initiated by changes in either technology or values (as in Parson’s ‘pattern variable’ schema). As a result of this process, institutions multiply, the simple structures of traditional societies are transformed into the complex ones of modern societies, and values come to bear a striking resemblance to those current in the United States of the 1960s. A good example of the genre is the work of the American comparative sociologist Alex Inkeles, best known for his many studies of the attitudinal aspects of modernization, mostly using survey data and psychological tests to explore ‘the process whereby people move from being traditional to become modern personalities’. Here the author presented the part of Modernization and Modernization theory.||Dr. Asha Chaudhary|
|9||Education System in IndiaAbstract -Education system in India lays more stress on studies. It is an exam system not an education system. Why is it so that we can remember the movies and not our chapters? Indian education system needs a lot of changes. The system of education in India should be learning-centric rather than exam-centric. Children must be allowed to choose subjects according to their interests. Instead of gaining knowledge from voluminous books and lectures, children must be made to interact in groups and express their views on various topics. Rather than taking notes from the teacher and textbooks, children must be made to research information on their own from library books and the Internet and share them in the class. This will help them develop good reading habits, self-confidence and openness to criticism. It will also help them in developing critical reading and analytical skills. Children will be able to remember what they learn when they apply it practically. They must be taken on field trips to museums, labs, planetariums, excavation sites, botanical gardens, etc. where they can learn by interacting with knowledgeable and experienced people in varied fields. It will also help them improve their communication skills. In this article the author of this article wants to focus on the basic education system of education in our country.||Dr. Jayantibhai I. Patel|
|10||Scope of Research and Grant Opportunities for the Scholars of Library and Information SciencesAbstract – This research paper explores the scope of research areas in the library sciences. Research in Library and information Science briefly means the collection and analysis of original data on a problem of librarianship done within the library schools according to scientific and scholarly standards. Research broadly includes investigations, studies, surveys, academic work at the doctoral, postdoctoral level and research by practicing librarians, information personnel and document lists. This paper describes the types of research, its need and status of the research in LIS in India. UGC, Raja Ram Mohan Roy Foundation, Council of Library and Information Science Research and many more organization caters to the research needs in LIS but they need to adopt a modern approach. The reasons for slow growth in research and scanty financial support to it have been explored. It further explores certain avenues which can be approached to get financial aid. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Council on library and Information Resources, Ford Foundation Program and Full Bright Program etc. provide financial support in LIS Research. Several suggestions to improve research activities in LIS are given. It concludes that research opportunities and research atmosphere exists in India and there is a need to orient library professionals and LIS faculty towards research programs and funding opportunities. There is a need to conduct seminars, workshops and discussions; monitor, abstract and index research reports and conference proceeding. Thus there exists a scenario which needs to be explored, developed and promoted by enthusiastic and inquisitive professionals.||Kinnari A. Prajapati and Dr. Vaidehi Pandya|
|11||Need of Lokpal Bill in Present Democratic System: A Present NeedAbstract – India is fast becoming like Pakistan – a society where bizarre conspiracy theories are plausible, credible, and even highly probable. We no longer blame the CIA for floods or outbreaks of dengue. But there is reason to believe that the politics process is being manipulated to ensure sinister outcomes that are not apparent. On the surface, the Lokpal bill is supposed to create an institution independent of the executive branch precisely in order to investigate and act against corruption. Malfeasance and wrongdoing of members of executive – Be they elected politicians or unelected officials. Once the Supreme Court strikes down the Lokpal bill as it undoubtedly will, the stage will be set for a “popular” movement against the judiciary. Political workers will be brought into Delhi from neighboring states. There will be public “pressure” on the government to bring under its “control” the recalcitrant “anti-minority”’ “anti-reservation court. The parliament has recently passed the new Lokpal bill but according to social activist Shri Anna Hazare there is lot of lacunas in new bill. According to him there is major conflict between Sarkari Lokpal and Jan Lokpal Bill. To maintain the tranceperancy in whole system of government in which Administration, Judiciary including CBI and other all bodies of government should come under the Lokpal bill so there is a need to pass the present time Janlokpal Bill through the parliament which will be most reliable and acceptable by the people of India. We can predict, as night follows day, that once the Janlokpal bill is struck down, we will have an open season in term of attacks on the judiciary and the beginning of emasculation of this constitutionally independent institution.||Dr. Rajesh S. Vyas|
|12||Socialization of the Society: The Ground RealityAbstract – Socialization is the process by which children and adults learn from others. We begin learning from others during the early days of life; and most people continue their social learning all through life (unless some mental or physical disability slows or stops the learning process). Sometimes the learning is fun, as when we learn a new sport, art or musical technique from a friend we like. At other times, social learning is painful, as when we learn not to drive too fast by receiving a large fine for speeding. Natural socialization occurs when infants and youngsters explore, play and discover the social world around them. Planned socialization occurs when other people take actions designed to teach or train others from infancy on. Natural socialization is easily seen when looking at the young of almost any mammalian species (and some birds). Planned socialization is mostly a human phenomenon; and all through history, people have been making plans for teaching or training others. Both natural and planned socialization can have good and bad features: It is wise to learn the best features of both natural and planned socialization and weave them into our lives. Positive socialization is the type of social learning that is based on pleasurable and exciting experiences. We tend to like the people who fill our social learning processes with positive motivation, loving care, and rewarding opportunities. Negative socialization occurs when others use punishment, harsh criticisms or anger to try to “teach us a lesson;” and often we come to dislike both negative socialization and the people who impose it on us. The society and the entire family take part an important role for the process of socialization of human being. The author wants to convey via this article that what is the ground reality for the whole process of the socialization.||Dr. Dinubhai M. Chaudhari|
|13||TQM in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs)Abstract – Total Quality Management is a management system for a customer focused organization that involves all employees in continual improvement of all aspects of the organization. Present paper discusses the reasons for necessity of total quality approach to running the Higher education Institutions (HEIs). The “Soft” TQM Concepts Identified in Quality Management Literature comprise of the Total Employee Involvement, Continuous Improvement, Continuous Training, Teamwork, Empowerment, Top-management Commitment and Support, Democratic Management Style, Customer/Citizen Satisfaction, and Culture Change. The processes include teaching, learning, and administration. TQM is a general management philosophy and set of tools which allow an institution to pursue a definition of quality and a means of attaining quality, with quality being a continuous improvement ascertained by customers’ contentment with the services they receive. Output of TQM in education include heightened students morale, better teamwork among departments, bridging faculty-staff functions, increased quality from customer viewpoint and continuous development of everyone who is part of education institution.||Dr. Shakuntalaben G. Patel|
|14||HIV/AIDS among African American Women in the United StatesAbstract – This is an exploratory study about HIV/AIDS among African American women in the United States. The aim of this study is to increase our knowledge about the disease to identify how it is affecting the population of study (African American women). HIV dates back as far as 1981 when it was initially identified in West Africa by a group of scientists studying a type of chimpanzee and found out in the chimps a virus known as Simian Immunodeficiency Virus. This study provides measures to decrease risk behaviors associated with the disease among African American women utilizing existing literature to arrive at the conclusion that champions the need to build stronger relationships, families, and communities. Also, effective HIV prevention programs run by African American women and job training, counseling mental health services and family services should be provided to African American women affected by HIV/AIDS.||Dr. Michael O. Akintayo and Funke F. Akintayo|
|15||Study of Opinions of B.Ed. Trainees on Self Assessment by Computerized Question Bank in the Subject ‘Applications of Technology in Education’Abstract – Today in the time of modernization. Technology has become an important part of human life. In every field like business, trade, industry and social life there is more and more use of technology. From the last decade information technology has established its power on human life and society. Today each country is trying to grow up in economic, social and cultural dimensions, using more and more technology. In this case education is not far away. There are so many efforts being made to use technology in education. Therefore now education is being transferred into technology based education bringing many changes in teaching – learning & assessment process. In this context researcher has taken up this study to know how much effective are the changes by examining the opinions of B.Ed. Trainees (who are to become teachers in near future). Total 135 B.Ed. trainees of two B.Ed. colleges affiliated to Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University, Patan having sufficient computer lab facility were selected and data was collected using normative survey method with the help of self constructed computerized question bank. Using proper statistics the effectiveness of the tool for self learning and self assessment has been studied.||Tejal N. Shah|
|16||Application of Concept Achievement Model in Classroom Teaching as a Challenge of Educational TechnologyAbstract – Good and fruitful teaching is possible only if the concepts of logic thought related estimation and grammar are clear in students’ mind. After deep thinking about this point, the investigator decided to carry out this study to investigate whether Concept Achievement Model of teaching has any effect on students’ academic achievement. Here the researcher wants to find out the effect of Lecture method and Concept Achievement Model on academic achievement of students.||Falguni J. Gajjar|
|17||A Comparative Study of PL and CAL on Direct-Indirect SpeechAbstract – PL is a teaching technique in which a learner is presented with a small chunk of information, and is asked to answer a question after understanding it. If the answer is correct, the learner may proceed to the next chunk, otherwise go back to a previous piece of information and proceed from there. PL is based on the principles of small steps, self-pacing, and immediate feedback. In general, the use of computers in education through CAL has been sporadic a great deal of effort was expended with little general impact. Many of those academics that took part in that earlier crusade are now cynical about the effectiveness of computers in teaching. Via this study the researcher find out the effect of PL and CAL on Direct-Indirect Speech.||Paresh M. Vankar|
|18||Construction and Standardization of Adjustment Measurement test for Students of Standard 9th and 10th of Anand DistrictAbstract – The statement of problems was “Construction and Standardization of Adjustment Measurement test for Students of standard 9th and 10th of Anand District. The researcher had decided objectives considering her limited sources, energy and time. Independent variables were gender (male-female), standard of students Adjustment Measurement Test. Students of standard 9th and 10th of Gujarati Medium of Anand District of education year 2011-12 were selected as universe in the present study. Among which 225 students were selected as sample for the present study. To collect data the researcher had constructed self made tool Adjustment Measurement Test. After getting data from students, analysis was done by’t’ value. Null Hypothesis was constructed to clear her objectives. Analysis was done for each Hypothesis. The field of research was Educational Psychology. The research was practical as well as statistical.||Nikitaben B. Patel|
|19||Construction and Standardization of AMT for Students of Standard 11th and 12th of Central GujaratAbstract – The statement of problems was “Construction and Standardization of AMT for Students of Standard 11th and 12th of Central Gujarat” The researcher had decided objectives considering her limited sources, energy and time. Independent variables were gender (male-female), standard of students AMT. Students of standard 11th and 12th of Gujarati Medium school students of Central Gujarat of education year 2011-12 were selected as universe in the present study. Among which 536 students were selected as sample for the present study. To collect data the researcher had constructed self made tool AMT. After getting data from students, analysis was done by’t’ value. Null Hypotheses was constructed to clear her objectives. Analysis was done for each Hypothesis. The field of research was Educational Psychology. The research was practical as well as statistical.||Mehulkumar Kantilal Patel|
|20||Readiness of Learners and Effectiveness of Web log in Self Directed Learning (SDL) to Foster Learner AutonomyAbstract – The present research is an attempt to check the readiness of undergraduate students to use Self Directed Learning (SDL) as a method to learn English language. Further objective is to assess the effectiveness of weblog in promoting and fostering SDL strategies viz. Academic learning strategy, Social learning strategy, Active planning strategy and Affective strategy (Stern 1983). The ultimate aim of the study is to develop learner autonomy using weblog as a language learning tool. A month long weblog program was planned and carried out with under graduate students who had IT and communication skills as course components in their academic curriculum. Data gathered through program was coded, correlated and analyzed through different qualitative and quantitative statistical methods. The outcome of the research showed that weblog could be an effective language learning tool to foster and promote learner autonomy.||Tridipkumar P. Macwan|
|21||An Introduction to Modern Models of TeachingAbstract – “Model of teaching can be defined as instructional design which describes the process of specifying and producing particular environmental situations which cause the students to interact in such a way that a specific change occurs in their behavior” Teaching is not just to sit on an armchair with a cup of tea in hand to sip. It is an art and skill to be learnt. It requires the knowledge of subject content, method, techniques and teaching aids to be used for making teaching interesting and effective. This is the main objective of education. For this purpose, the teachers need a variety of approaches. Several models of teaching have been developed out of which Bruce Joyce and Marsha Weil’s (1980) have been to be very effective. They described model of teaching as a plan or pattern that can be used to shape curricula (long-term courses of studies), to design instructional materials and to guide instruction in the classroom and other settings. Here the author highlights the key points of Model of teaching through this article.||Yogeshkumar P. Pateliya|
|22||Effective Educational Technology and its Application in 21st Century EducationAbstract – In 21st Century Learning, students use educational technologies to apply knowledge to new situations, analyze information, collaborate, solve problems, and make decisions. Utilizing emerging technologies to provide expanded learning opportunities is critical to the success of future generations. Improved options and choice for students will help improve student completion and achievement. In its 10th Report in 2007, the Premier’s Technology Council (PTC) identified technology and e-learning as central to addressing future skill shortages in the work force, particularly in rural areas of the province. The PTC described “blended learning” – technology-enhanced learning that is both online and in the classroom– as an effective approach to enhance education. The PTC recommendations are consistent with international initiatives that promote 21st Century Learning and the use of technologies to support student choice and flexibility. The Premier’s Technology Council December 2010 Report, a Vision for 21st Century Education, describes what an educational system might look like should it be transformed. In this way we must do maximum use of Educational Technology in Education. Here the researcher highlights the key points of application of Education Technology in 21st centaury Education.||Ravindra Mojidra|
|23||Experiments with Some ICT Tools to Enhance Communication Skill among Undergraduate StudentsAbstract – Information and (ICTs) which include radio and television, as well as newer digital technologies such as computers and the Internet have been touted as potentially powerful enabling tools for educational change and reform. When used appropriately, different ICTs are said to help expand access to education, strengthen the relevance of education to the increasingly digital workplace, and raise educational quality by, among others, helping make teaching and learning into an engaging, active process connected to real life. Concentrating the usefulness of the ICTs, one such attempt had been made through this research work to evaluate the effectiveness of ICTs for the selected respondents of UG management course who had IT and Communication skills as their core components of the curriculum. The core objective was to check if the samples can use ICTs effectively to enhance their language skills. The offspring of the research clearly divulged that the ICTs have potential to bring remarkable positive change in the language learning class.||Hiral S. Chaudhari|
|24||Education: Achievements & ChallengesAbstract – Higher education in India has expanded very rapidly in the later half of the twentieth century. India’s higher educational system is the third largest in the world, after China and United States. However, India continues to face stern challenges. Despite its remarkable progress in some specific fields of education, 25% of its population is still illiterate. Only 15% of Indian students reach high school, and just 7% graduate. 25% of teaching posts are vacated, and 57% of college teachers lack Ph.D. degree. There are a few universities which have been founded with the sole objective of making easy money. Misrepresentations and malpractices are rampart in higher education. The purity and sacred atmosphere of campuses is often polluted by politics and politicians. The quality of university education has steadily declined and the increasingly large proportions of graduates are unable to find employment. By 2001 literacy for women had exceeded 50% of the overall female population. These statistics are still very low compared to world standards and even male literacy in India. There is a large disparity between female literacy rates in different states. Studies show that a lower level of women literacy rates results in higher levels of fertility and infant mortality, poorer nutrition. Coming decades are likely to see continuing development and change in education. The teacher must adjust to new developments in educational technology. In all countries there are evidences of radical change in the structure of ideas and assumptions that will surely affect education. But it is unlikely that coming decades will see the introduction of any comprehensive pedagogical system resembling those of the 19th century. No single theory of learning or teaching is likely to satisfy the diversity of individual needs and societal arrangements.||Dr. Bindu Patel|
|25||Domineering Methods of TeachingAbstract – A teaching method comprises the principles and methods used for instruction. Commonly used teaching methods may include class participation, demonstration, recitation, memorization, or combinations of these. The choice of teaching method or methods to be used depends largely on the information or skill that is being taught, and it may also be influenced by the aptitude and enthusiasm of the students. Newer teaching methods may incorporate television, radio, computer, and other modern devices. Some educators believe that the use of technology, while facilitating learning to some degree, is not a substitute for educational methods that encourage critical thinking and a desire to learn. Inquiry learning is another modern teaching method. Here the author wants to convey the domineering methods of teaching.||Jayeshkumar B. Bharvad|
|26||Lesson Plan: The Blueprint of TeachingAbstract – Lesson plans merely guide a teacher’s thoughts and goals over time. During the course of a day, you may have disruptions that take away from instruction time. You get sick, and your lessons get pushed back several days because the substitute will not teach anything new. The announcements run longer than usual. A school assembly cuts into your math lesson. A student acts up during lab. The principal stops by for a chat. A parent volunteer asks to participate. All these activities subtract time away from your lessons and distract you and your students. Proficient teachers adapt and adjust their lesson plans accordingly. Without lesson the teaching process is like a ship without radar. Hence it’s essential for all teachers to draw the lesson plan before to start the teaching-learning process for fruitful, effective and productive teaching.||Devyani K. Raval|
|27||A Study of Primary and Secondary Schools Teachers’ Awareness towards Educational Technology with Reference to Certain VariableAbstract – The present world is of Science and Technology. Science and Technology has Change the life human beings in all the fields. Technology has been use in the Kitchen, Farm, Factory, industry, Agriculture, Hospital, Communication, Engineering and Space etc. Technology has brought lots of change in the field of Education too. Because of Science and Technology Work has become easy, fast and low cost. It spread the work in no time to whole human society. Education Technology means to obtain the goal, aims of Education Technology means techniques today everyone has accepted it to solve their problem. Today the student / children who come to school are not an empty state. He has so many questions in his mind; he has learned a lot from the outside of the world. As the changing dimensions of the time teachers have to satisfy needs of students. He needs to adopt something new in his teaching method so the investigator has tried to find out of school teachers awareness towards Education Technology. The investigator has selected the granted primary and secondary school of Mehsana district. It was done by stratified method and selection of teachers were taken by cluster methods 10-10 teachers of rural and urban area of primary and secondary school were taken has sample. Total 273 teachers of all schools were taken. In this study Education Technology awareness scale was use for data collection. Total Weigh Score (TWS) was used to measure the awareness about individual items. It was found that types of school areas found different on teachers awareness towards education technology. Also found that male teachers were positive than female. Via this it has been found that research it has been found out that government schools assist financially to the schools to make it well equipped. Board should introduce new, Technology new course about Education Technology. Every school must have audio visual room, computer, scanner, L.C.D. projector, T.V. and Internet etc. Teachers and student should be encouraged to use Education Technology.||Dr. K. S. Dedun|
|28||A Study of Attitude of Secondary School Teacher of Sabarkantha District towards ‘Karmayogi Talim’Abstract – Today the world has become a global Village due to invention of the various Technologies. The Technology has been used in present Education system, to make the teaching effective and interesting. It this is the case, we must know the attitude of teachers who are importing Education in the classroom. In the present study total 449 Secondary school of Sabarkantha were selected. From among 40 school of rural and 15 school of urban areas were randomly selected by lottery method. The teachers of these selected school were taken as a cluster as the sample of the study. The researcher has used self made attitude scale which was verified by the expert. The research himself had visited various schools and had collected data by making the teachers to fill up the attitude scale. At the and it was found that areas was not an effecting factor, cast was not an effecting factor, educational experience of teachers was not effecting factor towards their attitudes. This study will help teachers in bringing more effectiveness in their teaching work. It will also help teachers to improve their attitude towards etching and make the teaching interesting. It will also become useful to principals, teachers, and government in making the teaching work effective.||Dr. Harsha R. Patel|
|29||Modular Method of teachingAbstract – The concept of “module” is strictly linked to the idea of a flexible language curriculum, which should provide all those concerned with education (primarily learners and teachers, but also parents and administrators, as well as society at large) with a framework to establish clear and realistic language learning objectives. The work of the Council of Europe has been seminal in this respect: its Common European Framework of Reference sets out guidelines to develop language curricula to increase both mobility and intercultural understanding throughout Europe. Modules are increasingly being used in many countries as a way of organising a language curriculum. As a consequence, many course books are now structured on the basis of “modules” rather than “units”, and most teachers, when faced with this innovation, wonder whether this is really a new development, opening up new paths for learning and teaching, or whether it might not just be “old wine in new bottles”. This is an attempt of the researcher that to introduce a short article of improving teaching method through this article.||Dr. Kandarp Sejpal|
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